Last Updated On: June 23rd, 2020
Learn about spring to summer blooming calendula (Pot Marigold) in this gardener's guide of these beautiful flowers, including plant care, companion plants, and more.
Want a cheerful flower that will greet you each morning and give you blooms for almost three full seasons? It's time to meet the Calendula flower.
Calendula blooms open up in the morning to greet each new day and then close up at night. Known for their medicinal properties, these plants look spectacular in mass groupings as well as along borders.
Also known as Pot Marigold or English Marigold, these plants prefer cooler weather and will present their blooms from spring to fall with regular deadheading.
In this calendula plant profile, you'll learn about the unique characteristics of this plant as well as basic plant care and companion plants for your landscape.
Calendula Quick and Dirty: Fast Plant Care Facts
Likes rich, well-draining loamy soil. A mix of sand, silt, clay, and organic matter.
Regular watering while growing and flowering.
Excessive water or wetness can lead to rot.
Thrives in partial shade.
Sunset hardiness zones 2-9 and 14-23 for A. blanda; zones 1-4 for A. canadensis.
USDA hardiness zones 5-8 for A. blanda; A. canadensis is hard in zones 3-7.
Late spring to early summer.
White, blue, pink, and purplish-red.
Grows 10 inches to 24 inches tall and spreads by creeping stems out to 24+ inches.
Space each plant anywhere from 10 inches to 24 inches apart, depending how fast and dense you want plants to grow together.
(See a more detailed plant table below)
Common Uses for Calendula
These beautiful plants can be designed into your landscape in several ways, including:
- Grouped in mass plantings,
- Along borders, or driveways
- Used in rock gardens.
They also do well in containers as potted plants with long lasting blooms from spring into midsummer in colder climates and then from late fall into spring in warmer, milder climates.
Also, they are great as cut flowers and last well past the 7 day industry standard.
Calendula Companion Plants
Calendula is mostly known as a companion plant to place around different vegetables and fruit plants, but what about other flower plants? Pretty hard to find, until now. 😉
Consider pairing calendula with other plants, like herbs, for your culinary adventures. Maybe you are looking to contrast different colors of plants that flower the same time of year. You might need to show differences in plant size accent depth in your garden.
These and other reasons are why you have a good assortment of flower companion plants to choose from.
Companion plants to consider:
- Gaillardia or Blanket Flower
- Echinacea or Coneflower
Calendula Plant Care and Handling
Being a very hardy and low maintenance plant, calendula is a super easy plant to place in your garden.
You will find out below all it's care needs, when it flowers, its uses, and where to add it to your salads and other foods.
Calendula Plant Care
|Common Name||Calendula, Pot Marigold|
|Botanical or Scientific Name||Calendula officinalis|
|Cultivars||'Bon Bon'; 'Dwarf Gem'; 'Fiesta'; 'Kablouna'; 'Pacific Beauty'; 'Radio'; 'Nova'; 'Sunset' Mix; 'Ball's Improved Orange'; 'Pink Surprise'; 'Geisha Girl'; 'Indian Prince'; 'Bluff'.|
|General Information||- In the Daisy family, Asteraceae.
- Perfect for mass color plantings for borders, parking strips, along driveways, and also in containers.
- They make for long lasting cut flowers, too.
- Seed has high viability and germination from year to year; can spread over an area.
|Zones||USDA hardiness zones 9-11.|
|Native Environment||Native to the Mediterranean.|
|Sun Exposure||Thrives in full sun.|
|Water Needs||Needs moderate watering.|
|Soil Needs||Will grow in most soil types with only needing to be well draining.|
|Mature Height/Width||Grows 1 to 2 feet tall and spreads out 1 to 1.5 feet wide. Does come in dwarf or taller varieties, if wanted.|
|Bloom Time||Flowers from spring to mid summer in colder climates and from lat fall through to spring in mild-winter climates.|
|Flower Colors||Orange and bright yellow double blossoms, and also coming in apricot, cream, and softer yellows.|
|Fertilize||Regular fertilizing in less fertile soils would be recommended and especially with soils low in finer-particled organic matter.|
|Plant Spacing||Space each plant anywhere from 10 inches to 16 inches apart, depending how fast and dense you want plants to grow together. Plant closer together to cover bed areas faster.|
|Suggested Companion Plant/s||Calendula pair well with other daisy family members like shasta daisy's, sunflowers, zinnia, nasturtiums, amaranth, thyme, petunias, true-marigolds, and larkspur.
Also, great to plant near vegetable crops such as broccoli, beans, chives, lettuce, onions, peppers, and tomatoes, to name a few.
|Maintenance Level||- Minimal maintenance required overall. Be sure to cut away old blooms to keep continuous flowering over season.|
|Poisonous to Pets?||According to the petpoisonhelpline.com
Are Potted and True Marigold Poisonous to Pets?
|Edible for Humans?||Has been thought of as a potted-herb to be used in the cooking pot. If you have any allergies to any of the Asteraceae (Daisy) Family, then stay away from any calendula.|
|Fun (or historical) Facts||- "Potted Marigold" name comes from this plants past where it was regularly used more as a cooking herb or vegetable.
- Calendula are great for attracting pollinators and good use being planted amongst or close by any vegetable or fruit crops needing fertilizing by pollinators.
Calendula Flowers Conclusion
Even though calendula can easily spread in your garden, it is a very low maintenance plant to have in your garden that keeps coming back year after year. And, there is all the uses of calendula plant in your food, lotions, and infusions.
Bring the beauty of calendula into your garden this year.
Now we want to hear from you!
What other questions do you have about pot marigolds that we didn't answer above? Let us know by leaving a quick comment below. Thanks!
Want to learn about other plants in your garden? Check out some of our previous plant profiles:
- Daffodils: A Gardener's Guide and Plant Profile
- Shasta Daisy: A Gardener's Guide and Plant Profile
- Crocosmia: A Gardener's Guide and Plant Profile
- Primroses: A Gardener's Guide and Plant Profile
- Tulips: A Gardener's Guide and Plant Profile
- Grape Hyacinth: A Gardener's Guide and Plant Profile
- Winter Pansies: A Gardener's Guide and Plant Profile
See you in the garden!
~ Sean and Allison
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Learn about spring to summer blooming Calendula flowers in this gardener's guide of these beautiful perennials, including plant care, companion plants, and more.