Last Updated On: June 17th, 2019
Learn all about Fuchsia flowers and Fuchsia hanging baskets in this gardener’s guide with a plant profile.
Fuchsia hanging baskets are a quintessential symbol of summer in yards around the world.
Native to mountainous, wet and humid areas of Central America, South America, New Zealand and Tahiti, these plants grow well in most climates but prefer shadier areas of your yard.
Usually found in the form of a shrub or bush with their teardrop-shaped flowers, these plants are a pollinators paradise! Just ask your resident hummingbird if you’re not sure.
Read our Fuchsia plant post below to learn:
- How to grow and care for fuchsia hanging baskets
- Fuchsia plant profile table and free printable guide
- Fuchsia plants for sale
- History of fuchsias and more!
Fuchsias: Why We’re Featuring This Plant For You
First, fuchsia baskets are a popular hanging basket in yards around the world during the late spring and summer.
With their two-toned colors and variety of plant forms, there are sure to be options that suit everyone’s needs.
In addition, fuchsia flowers come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors.
Plus, fuchsia baskets are very low maintenance. So low maintenance, they regenerate and regrow on their own throughout the summer and possibly early fall season.
Finally, we’re featuring the fuchsia because it attracts pollinators which is a win in itself.
Fuchsia Flowers: History and Varieties
Fuchsias are in the family Onagraceae and the genus Fuchsia. This family group, also known as the Evening Primrose family, includes shrubs, trees, herbs, and some common weeds.
With over 600 species, many members of this family are valued as ornamental plants and highly commercialized through the flower farming industry, or floriculture, for hanging baskets and bedding flowers.
Other members of the Onagraceae family include evening primrose and fireweed among others.
Print your FREE Fuchsia Plant Profile!
Subscribe to our Spoken Garden community and receive your FREE Fuchsia Plant Profile! Included in the plant profile: Fuchsia general plant info, fast facts, companion plants, and a planning guide!
The birthplace of the Fuchsia can be traced to Central and South America, New Zealand and Tahiti. In these warm, tropical climates Fuchsias were born. Eventually, they spread throughout the western world.
This beautiful plant was first discovered in 1697 on the island of Hispaniola (present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic) by a French Botanist and monk named Charles Plumier. This traveling monk discovered several interesting species on his Caribbean explorations, including Begonias, Lobelias, and eventually Fuchsias.
Plumier was a big fan of a German botanist named Leonhard Fuchs who lived 100 years previous. He decided to name his newly discovered plant the “Fuchsia” in Fuchs’ honor.
Following the plant’s discovery, the Fuchsia plant grew in popularity and began to be hybridized.
The plant eventually reached the UK and was introduced into English gardens by the end of the 18th century. Gardeners and enthusiasts continued hybridizing the plant into new varieties in their greenhouses.
By World War I, the fuchsia ceased to be grown and thus lost its popularity so that food could be grown.
It took America to excite people to grow fuchsias again, about 1929. That same year, the American Fuchsia Society was formed.
Today, there are over 120+ different species of fuchsia and they continue to gain popularity for their variety of hanging basket options.
While most fuchsias come in the form of bedding plants, hanging baskets, or shrubs, they can grow as fuchsia trees as well.
There is even a species of fuchsia tree native to New Zealand that can grow to 40 feet tall!
You can learn to train your standard fuchsia plant into a small tree with patience and proper care.
To learn more about that, check out this resource for more.
|Common/Trade Name||Fuchsia, Fuschia (commonly spelled wrong)|
|Botanical/Scientific Name||Fuchsia x hybrida, and 121+ other species.|
|Types||Evergreen and deciduous shrubs. Some can be trained into actual trees.|
|Zones||Sunset= Zones 4 to 6 with protection; 15 to 17, 22 to 24, and H1. Other zones, 7 to 9, 14, 20, and 21 can be grown in but with difficulty.
USDA= Hardy to zones 7 to 9.
|General Information||Hybrids are mainly marketed as hanging basket plants for seasonal color and can last from mid-Spring to mid-Fall. Great for adding depth, texture, and breaking up visual lines at entrances, around windows or on other structures. Can be used also to frame walkways and direct traffic along paths, peripheral decorations around seating, or focal centers. Can be overwintered in colder climates.|
|Native Environment||Native to tropical wet, mountainous areas of the Americas, including Mexico, Central and South America, and New Zealand/Tahiti.|
|Water Needs||Regular water.|
|Mature Height/Width||Hanging baskets will trail and size can be dependent on watering, fertilizing, and placement making it variable.
Shrub forms can grow 3 feet to 6 feet tall and wide.
Some species can be trained as espaliers and trees.
|Bloom Time||Late Spring to the first frost.|
|Flower Colors||There are two parts of this colorful flower; the Sepals and Petals or Corolla (as most flowers have this morphology, but fuchsias have the distinction of these two being either different or the same color).
- Sepals usually are either white, red, or pink.
- Petals or Corolla can be white, red, or pink, BUT also can be in ranges of other whites, blue-violet,, purple, pink, red, and shades approaching orange.
Flower sizes can be as small as a peanut shell to as big as a small child's fist.
|Number of Species||122+|
|Sun Exposure||Prefer shade in harsher, warmer climates, but can take dappled all day shade or full morning sun in cooler climates. Prefer higher-humidity areas and watered moist soil. Protect from any hot afternoon sun and hot windy conditions, and in hot drier areas.|
|Fertilize?||Light regular balanced fertilizer every week or two to keep plants blooming. Can use a time-release fertilizer also if convenient.|
|Plant Spacing||Hybrids can be spaced every 3 or 4 feet, depending on hook positioning and how light hits each basket. Other species might need more spacing, like 'boliviana' where it grows erect reaching up to 12 feet high and needing 8 feet in width. In contrast, 'triphylla' will grow 1-2 feet high and wide, needing a completely different spacing.|
|Suggested Companion Plant/s||As a hanging basket, it is usually best to keep by itself as it grows in every direction and can compete for space and sun light.
Planted in the ground, it pairs well with other plants having different flower and leaf types, like Hosta's, Hellebores, or even Rhododendrons.
Lots of other companion plants to choose from, so try them out and see what you like!
|Maintenance Level||- In general, keep area around plants picked up of any fallen leaves or spent blooms. Don't let fallen blooms pile up, as they can make great homes for different pests and promote fungus.
- Pruning needs to happen after the last threat of frost has passed, but before new Spring growth begins. Hanging basket hybrids can be severely pruned back to keep only the first two buds of last years growth. New growth can be then pinched after the first three buds to promote more branching and can continue for a couple of weeks. In ground plants don't need to be pinched, but can be pruned to remove any dead tissue and to shape.
- Overwintering is possible in many regions. In the PNW, bring your container/hanging basket fuchsias into your garage or structure to overwinter and protect. If left outside, the container plants will have root damage from freezing temperature, and potentially die. In-ground plants can be heavily mulched, definitely in cooler/colder climates.
- Need well draining soil with high organic matter.
|Pest Susceptibility||Aphids, White Flies, Spider Mites, and in California the Fuchsia-Gall-Mite.|
|Poisonous to Pets?||Not outright poisonous, but too much of any plant parts can make your pet sick.|
|Edible for Humans?||No known poisonous attributes and there are actual recipes from England and France, and other countries, for preparing jams and other foods.|
|Fun (or historical) Facts||- All Fuchsias are New World Plants.
- First discovered by French Jesuit Priest Leonard Fuchs on the Island of Hispaniola in 1697.
- Hummingbirds cannot resist feeding from Fuchsias hanging from your roof-overhang. "if you hang it......THEY will come".
- In Japanese culture, when invited to someones' home, you should bring Fuchsia flowers or a plant, as it is a sign to the host of "having good taste" and a great compliment.
-More fun facts can be found at: http://www.nwfuchsiasociety.com/species.htm
Fuchsia Flowers and Planting Videos
Now it’s time to pick out your fuchsias to plant or hang around your yard.
The best part is there are so many beautiful colors, shapes, and sizes available.
Our beautiful selection of live plants come from Amazon and most offer prime shipping so you can receive them quickly!
Buy this single, beautiful plant that comes in a 3″, well-establish pot.
Grow your own Fuchsia plants from seed and pot them however you like!
Own a reference guide to 500 different types of fuchsias and become an expert!
Fuchsia Hanging Basket Conclusion
This beautiful, tropical plant continues to dazzle our yards and win the hearts of pollinators, and some pests, around the world.
An interesting plant with over 120 different varieties, it can come in the form of a tree, a shrub, or a beautiful, hanging basket.
They can even survive over a cold, PNW winter and bloom again the following spring or summer as long as you take the right precautions.
Now it is time to hear from you!
What color fuchsia plant do you want in your own garden? Do you prefer a hanging basket or a bedding plant?
Leave a quick comment below and let us know!
Well, that’s all for now.
Thanks for reading and we hope you enjoyed our fuchsia plant profile.
Want to learn about other plants in your garden? Check out some of our previous plant profiles:
- Primroses: A Gardener’s Guide and Plant Profile
- The Gardener’s Guide to Dianthus
- The Gardener’s Guide to Chrysanthemums
- Roses: A Gardener’s Guide and Plant Profile
- Daffodils: A Gardener’s Guide and Plant Profile
See you in the garden!
~ Sean and Allison
Fuchsia Plant References:
- “Planting for Birds and Butterflies“- Sunset Magazine
- “Fuchsia” – RHS
- “How to Care For Fuchsias” – HGTV
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